The-Three-Trimesters

The Three Trimesters of Pregnancy Mothers Care at Nyle Hospital

Pregnancy is one of the forgettable events in the life of a woman. It lasts for about 40 weeks right from the next day of womans last menstruation. The total gestational period is divided into 3 trimesters as follows:

First Trimester (1 to 12 Weeks)

During the 1st trimester a womans body experiences many changes. All organ systems of the body are influenced by the hormonal changes. Such changes lead to certain symptoms such as:

  • Intense tiredness
  • Tender and swollen breasts
  • Mood swings
  • Stomach upset (morning sickness)
  • Craving for specific food and dislike for some
  • Frequent urination and constipation
  • Headache and heartburn
  • Weight gain or sometimes loss

As per the body condition, woman must make some changes in the daily routine, such as early sleep, eating small meals periodically and drinking more fluids. These discomforts will not be the same for all women and may go off or reduce upon progression, during the start of 2nd trimester.

Second Trimester (13 to 28 Weeks)

Generally, women feel that 2nd trimester is better than the 1st stage. During this period, symptoms such as nausea and fatigue may reduce to great extent or completely stop. However, mother can notice other signs such as expansion of abdomen due to babys growth. At the end of this trimester, women can feel the movement of baby inside the uterus. The predominant changes in woman due to babys development include:

  • Body aches, including groin, thigh, abdomen or back pain
  • Darkening of area around nipples
  • Stretch marks on thighs, buttocks, breasts or abdomen
  • A formation of skin line starting from belly button until pubic hairline
  • Dark skin patches over the forehead, cheeks, upper lip or nose. Patches seen on both sides of the face is termed as mask of pregnancy
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome (tingling or numbed hands)
  • Swelling of the face, fingers, legs and ankles
  • Itching on the palms, foot and abdomen

Note: If there is loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea and vomiting or jaundice along with itching, and sudden or intense swelling and quick weight gain, immediately seek medical advice as there may be possibility for liver infection or preeclampsia respectively.

Third Trimester (29 40 Weeks)

The discomforts of the 2nd trimester may continue in this period too. In addition, many women have difficulty in breathing and frequent urination. This indicates that the baby is growing bigger and putting pressure on the organs such as bladder and lungs.

Some of the changes witnessed during the 3rd trimester are as follows:

  • Shorting of breath
  • Heartburns
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Swelling of the face, fingers, legs and ankles
  • Tendering of breasts with watery leak of pre-milk called colostrum
  • Discomfort in sleep or loss of sleep
  • Dropping or moving of baby towards the lower abdomen
  • Sometimes contractions may occur indicatingfalse or real labour

Upon nearing of the due date, effacing happens which is nothing but thinning and softening of cervix. This is a natural process facilitating easy opening of birth canal on the onset of labour. The doctor visits will be increased when the due date is not far apart. Abdominal and vaginal examination will be done during each visit.