STDs

STDs Prevention and Treatment at Nyle Hospital

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are otherwise referred as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as the condition is acquired through infection caused by sexual contact. STD causing organisms including bacteria and virus may transfer from one person to others via semen, blood, vaginal discharge or other body fluids or tissues. Some of the infection can be transmitted non-sexually, including mother to infant transfer that can occur during pregnancy or delivery and by shared needles or blood transfusions.

Health consequences and long-term problems due to STDs are found predominantly in women than in men. Some STDs tend to cause pelvic infections includingpelvic inflammatory disease(PID) resulting in tubo-ovarianabscess. In addition, theabscess may cause reproductive organs scarring, which may lead to anectopic pregnancy,infertilityor sometimes death. Human papillomavirusinfection is one of the STDs known to cause cervical cancer. Some of the common infections occurring due to sexual contact include:

  • Bacterial Vaginosis A common vaginal infection, wherein some bacteria present in the vagina tend to show abnormal growth resulting in vaginal discharge with strange smell.
  • Chlamydia It is commonly seen in teenagers as well as young adults. Caused by bacteria and is spread through unprotected sex. Common symptoms include:
  • Increase in vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Vaginal itching
  • Bleeding during or after intercourse
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Genital Herpes Type 1 causes sores near or on the mouth; Type 2 causes sores on the female genital parts. Common symptoms include:
  • Tiny fluid-filled blisters on the genital parts
  • Itching in the anal or genital area
  • Backaches, swollen glands, headaches, flu-like illness or fever
  • Gonorrhea Also known as clap; caused by bacteria and is spread through unprotected sex. Common symptoms include:
  • Unusual or increased vaginal discharge
  • Pain or burning sensation while passing urine
  • Itchy, swollen or redden vagina
  • Pain or bleeding during or after intercourse
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Bleeding between regular cycle
  • Severe rectal pain
  • Hepatitis B It is a virus seriously infecting the liver and the infected woman in unaware of it due to no signs of sickness.
  • Hepatitis C It is a virus causing chronic liver diseases such as scarring or cirrhosis of the liver, liver failure and liver cancer.
  • Human Papillomavirus HPV or genital warts usually grow on the anus, penis and inner or outer surface of the vagina.
  • Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV) It is caused by certain type ofChlamydia, commonly occurring STI.
  • Syphilis Syphilis is a serious STI caused by bacteria and may lead to dangerous health concerns if untreated. The bacteria enter the blood stream via mouth, eyes, broken skin, anus or vagina.
  • Trichomoniasis – Caused by tiny parasite known as trichomonas vaginalis. Common symptoms include:
  • Frothy greenish and unpleasant odour vaginal discharge
  • Severe vaginal itching
  • Pain and redness of the vaginal area
  • Frequent urination
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus – Caused by the virus attacking the immune system. Final stage of HIV leads to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Difficult to cure and mostly results in death due to failure of immune system.