Paediatric-ophthalmology

Need for Paediatric Ophthalmology Service

 

Any eye diseases and vision related issues come under the medical subspecialty of paediatric ophthalmology. A paediatric ophthalmologist is completely qualified with sufficient experience, training and expertise to examine and detect possible conditions affecting childrens eyes.The vision of a child keeps developing neurologically till an approximate age of 12. Neurologic development can be negatively affected by certain disorders such as strabismus (misalignment of eyes), hyperopia, myopia and astigmatism (untreated refractive error) and asymmetrical refractive error occurring between the eyes. In addition, there are chances for certain other diseases of the body like diabetes to affect both the eyes. Hence, consulting a paediatric ophthalmologist must be prioritised to avoid vision loss. If suchconditions are subjected to diagnosis and treatment at the early stage, good vision can be developed and maintained without doubts.

Examinations Performed by Paediatric Ophthalmologist

 

  • Assessment of Vision Specific skills are mandatory for testing the eyesight of a kid, especially if the child falls under the age group of 2 to 4 years. There seems to be variation in the testing methods based on the age of the child.
  • Refractive Error Determination Generally, the test to determine refractive error is carried out after dilation so as to attain a decisive measurement in most of the paediatric patients.
  • Motility Examinations Ocular misalignment must be quantitatively measured to plan for medical as well as surgical control of strabismus.
  • Biomicroscopy Eye Examinations Dilated fundus examinations are essential for detecting the occurrence of eye diseases as a result of certain ocular conditions including cataracts and glaucoma as well as systemic diseases including diabetes, genetic abnormalities, juvenile idiopathic arthritis and neurologic pathology (rise in intracranial pressure).
  • Examination Under Anaesthesia (EUA) This kind of analysis is needed for diagnosing and treating conditions in children who does not cope with the procedures.
  • Monitoring Diseases Regular monitoring of eye diseases overtime for determining whether the treatment is effective, and if not proceed with modifications of the procedure.
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) Screening This is done detect the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the retina.

Paediatric Ophthalmologist Services

  • Providing paediatric ophthalmology services to all little patients and relating to physicians in the paediatric department
  • Managing amblyopia (lazy eyes)
  • Managing double vision, squint and other eye disorders both in children and adolescents
  • Managing general eye related problems including allergic conjunctivitis, eye soreness and lump formation on the eyelids (chalazion and stye)
  • Refraction of eyes by using eye drops (cycloplegic refraction) for children who find difficulty in getting good refraction