NICU

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Nyle Hospital Room for Critical Kids

What is NICU?

A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a special area in the hospital devoted to care babies, especially the critically ill ones. Babies are usually made to stay in the NICU even for several months till they are ready to grow without any external support. NICU differs much from a paediatric or adult intensive care unit, wherein the patient may be relieved from the unit once the condition turns stable. However, when it comes to babies, constant monitoring is essential even after leaving the NICU.

Problems Encountered by Babies

In a NICU, half the percentage of little patients admitted is full-term infants, i.e. those born after the completion of 37 weeks, and remaining include premature babies, i.e. those born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Although premature babies do not appear to be sick, it is critical to keep them in NICU as the organs and system would not have attained completeness in terms of growth and function. This may lead to series of issues which demand proper interventions along with constant monitoring.

Premature babies born between 24 and 26 weeks and with a weight as low as 500 to 700 GM require sophisticated NICU care from trained doctors and nursing staff. At Nyle Hospital, the care provided to premature babies in NICU includes:

  • Supplying sufficient oxygen or providing breathing assistance via ventilator or respirator as the lungs may not be completely developed.
  • Protecting the baby in an incubator (radiant warmer) as the premature body has very thin layer of body fat.
  • Protection against jaundice as the liver may be developed completely. Additional care is given to babies diagnosed with jaundice because there is possibility for brain damage in severe cases.
  • Protection against infections due to poor development of immune system.
  • Providing nutrition through IV because premature babies have difficulty in digestion. Incomplete development of intestine and stomach cannot digest breast milk or external supply.
  • Constant monitoring of premature babies due to incomplete development of brain. They cannot breathe, suck and swallow without choking. Hence, they are provided proper assistance until they become fit to go home.

On a contrary, the problems experienced by full-term infants are different from those of premature ones. They are less predictable and highly complicated and require special care. The medical support provided by NICU at Nyle Hospital to common problems suffered by newborns includes:

  • Congenital defects (birth defects) At NICU care is provided to babies with developmental abnormalities such as brain malformations, congenital heart defects or gastrointestinal malformations.
  • Perinatal asphyxia Problems including kidney failure, seizures, heart failure, etc. occurring due to insufficient oxygen supply during delivery are handled in NICU.
  • Genetic or hereditary disorders of babies that may result in abnormal growth and development are assisted by neonatologists.
  • Meningitis, pneumonia or common blood infections acquired either before delivery or lately after birth are cared at NICUs.
  • The condition of Hyperbilirubinemia is treated with concern in NICU.
  • Any sort of babies injuries happening during labour or after birth are treated here.

Since the babies are very premature, brain damage is prone to occur at any instance, such as few episodes of low sugar or undetected shock which can cause long-term brain damage.Such babies once discharged need close follow-ups for early detection of altered Neuro development. Hence all physicians at Nyle Hospital thrive for INTACT SURVIVAL rather than just survival this differentiates us from other neonatologists and NICU care.